The Ukulele originated in the 19th century, having as ancestors the Braguinha (or Machete) and the Rajão, instruments that were taken by the people of Madeira when emigrating to Hawai’i. These Portuguese instruments gave rise to the soprano ukulele, strung in gut (now nylon) with the tuning G4 C4 E4 A4, from low to high. A smaller “pocket” uke also exists, tuned a fourth higher. At the beginning of the 20th century, the larger concert ukulele appeared, still using the soprano tuning, as well as the tenor, which was the largest of the ukuleles using either the soprano tuning or one octave lower. There is now a full family of ukes that includes baritone, tuned D3 G3 B3 E4, bass (E2 A2 D3 G3) and contrabass (an octave lower).