Campaniça Guitar

Também designada por Viola Alentejana, a Viola Campaniça era o instrumento musical usado para acompanhar os célebres cantares à desgarrada, ou " cantes a despique", nas festas e feiras do Alentejo. É a maior das violas portuguesas e possui 5 ordens de cordas, tocada de dedilhado apenas com o polegar, sendo que as cordas mais graves são geralmente tocadas soltas. Adaptada à exposição da melodia das modas e cantigas alentejanas pode possuir dois tipos de afinação: Sol Mi Dó Fá Dó, do agudo para o grave, e Mi Dó# Lá Ré Lá. Como particularidade, apesar de ser um instrumento de dez cordas, pode possuir doze afinadores o que indicia que o instrumento, que se crê que tenha evoluido a partir da “Vihuela de Mano” medieval , foi outrora dotado de uma sexta ordem de cordas duplas, mas que estas terão caído em desuso


Also called Viola Alentejana, the Viola Campaniça was the musical instrument used to accompany the famous cantares à desgarrada or cantes a despique in the festivities and fairs of Alentejo. It is the largest of Portuguese violas and has a tight, slim waist. As with baroque guitars, the fingerboard is flush with the top. The bridge may have decorative extensions, and there is often three stylized leaves inlaid beneath the bridge. As with nearly all violas, the bridge is in two parts: the strings run first over a thin piece of wood which acts as a floating saddle sitting directly on the soundboard, then pass through holes in the glued-on bridge, and are finally turned back and looped around pins or screws on top of the bridge. The number of screws is not necessarily the number of strings, but is usually six. Its five courses of strings are traditionally played only with the thumb, with the lower strings generally played open. Adapted to the rendition of melodies in modas and cantigas from Alentejo, it has two main tunings: C4C3 F4F3 C3 E3 G3, from low to high, and A3A2 D4D3 A3 C#4 E4. Despite having ten strings, it has twelve tuning pegs, suggesting that the lower courses may have been triple-strung, or, like the Vihuela de Mano of the Renaissance, it may have once had a sixth course of double strings.