Cavaquinhos e Familia

É fundamentalmente no Minho que o Cavaquinho aparece hoje como uma espécie típicamente popular, ligada às formas essenciais da música característica desta província. O Cavaquinho minhoto têm como característica a escala rasa com o tampo, o que facilita a prática do “rasgueado”, contém doze trastos e a boca da caixa é usualmente de ”raia” embora surjam ainda outros de boca redonda. O Cavaquinho é um instrumento com um grande número de afinações que variam conforme as terras, as formas tradicionais e até os tocadores. Mi Si Lá Ré, agudo para o grave, será porventura a afinação mais versátil, mas Ré Si Sol Sol ou Mi Dó# Lá Lá serão por certo as afinações mais usuais entre os tocadores de Braga para a prática do varejamento do malhão e do vira na “moda velha”

Cavaquinho minhoto (Cavaquinho from Minho)
Found mostly in the Portuguese region of Minho, the Cavaquinho minhoto maintains strong links to the characteristic musical forms of its region. Structurally, the fingerboard is level with the soundboard, facilitating the practice of rasgueado (a kind of percussive strumming) typical of this music. It has twelve frets, with a soundhole usually shaped in a half circle topped by two teardrops, although some are round. The Cavaquinho uses a wide range of tunings that vary according to location, traditional forms, and even players. Four metal, or sometimes nylon (originally gut), strings are typically tuned D4 A4 B4 E4, from low to high, perhaps the most versatile tuning, while G3 G3 B4 D4 or A4 A4 C#4 E4 are the most commonly used among players from Braga for the practice of the varejamento do malhão (a kind of two-finger strumming), and the vira (a traditional dance) in the moda velha (old style).


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O Machete ou Machetinho madeirense oitocentista, é um pequeno cordofone de mão, ou de corda dedilhada que entronca na grande e diversificada família das violas de mão portuguesas tardo-quinhentistase, da qual, é o seu soprano. Na ilha da Madeira, no último quartel do séc. XIX, o instrumento é designado por Machete de Braga, sendo a partir de finais desse período simplesmentechamado de Braguinha. Este instrumento de solo, cantante ou ponteado, alegre e gracioso foi, em outros tempos, de grande estima das damas e donzelas madeirenses. Diferencia‐se pelo facto da sua escala ser sobreposta à caixa de ressonância e não rasa como o seu homónimo Cavaquinho. O Braguinha encordoa com 4 cordas, do agudo para o grave, Ré Si Sol Ré.

Braguinha
The Braguinha or 19th-century Machetinho Madeirense (little machete from the island of Madeira) is a soprano-sized guitar belonging to the cavaquinho family. During the final quarter of the 19th century, the instrument was called the Machete de Braga on Madeira, and, from the end of that period onwards, simply the Braguinha. Played solo, either strummed or plucked, it is sprightly and graceful and was, in earlier times, greatly esteemed by high-society women of Madeira. As opposed to its relative, the Cavaquinho, the Braguinha has a raised (rather than flush) fingerboard, its four strings commonly tuned D3 G3 B4 D4, from low to high.


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Cavaquinho Brasileiro

Cavaquinho Brasileiro
The Brazilian cavaquinho is slightly larger than the typical Portuguese model. Like cavaquinhos from Lisbon and Madeira, its fingerboard is raised above the level of the soundboard, and the soundhole is usually round. The smallest instrument in the cavaquinho family is the cavaco, an important rhythm instrument in choro and samba ensembles, played with a pick


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Cavaquinho Cabo Verde Casa da Guitarra Porto

The cavaquinho from Cape Verde is based on the Brasileiro, which arrived in the island republic in the 1930s. Like its Brazilian ancestor, it is mainly a rhythm instrument, but is also used for melodic playing.


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Ukulele SOPRANO

The Ukulele originated in the 19th century, having as ancestors the Braguinha (or Machete) and the Rajão, instruments that were taken by the people of Madeira when emigrating to Hawai’i. These Portuguese instruments gave rise to the soprano ukulele, strung in gut (now nylon) with the tuning G4 C4 E4 A4, from low to high. A smaller “pocket” uke also exists, tuned a fourth higher. At the beginning of the 20th century, the larger concert ukulele appeared, still using the soprano tuning, as well as the tenor, which was the largest of the ukuleles using either the soprano tuning or one octave lower. There is now a full family of ukes that includes baritone, tuned D3 G3 B3 E4, bass (E2 A2 D3 G3) and contrabass (an octave lower).


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ukulele concerto

The Ukulele originated in the 19th century, having as ancestors the Braguinha (or Machete) and the Rajão, instruments that were taken by the people of Madeira when emigrating to Hawai’i. These Portuguese instruments gave rise to the soprano ukulele, strung in gut (now nylon) with the tuning G4 C4 E4 A4, from low to high. A smaller “pocket” uke also exists, tuned a fourth higher. At the beginning of the 20th century, the larger concert ukulele appeared, still using the soprano tuning, as well as the tenor, which was the largest of the ukuleles using either the soprano tuning or one octave lower. There is now a full family of ukes that includes baritone, tuned D3 G3 B3 E4, bass (E2 A2 D3 G3) and contrabass (an octave lower).


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